I’ve used the word emulsification for years. There was a kind of cryptic explanation in one of the janitorial trade journals recently, so I thought I’d add a definition to this resource.
I actually got “B”‘s in organic chemistry in college, I’ve been in the commercial cleaning business for almost 25 years, I own a soap company in another market – and I still had to google about 5 different definitions before I (kind of) got it.
Basically the soap molecules suspend and or dissolve in water – whereas soil molecules generally do not.
The soap molecules then clump together in little balls called micelles (micelles link to wikipedia ). These clumps can in turn attract oil and other soils because of their chemistry, which they then surround (encapsulate) and the soil now becomes suspended inside the soap balls and can be mopped or vacuumed up.